The town of Kalat
Kalat Is a historical town of, Balochistan province of Pakistan. Kalat is the capital of Kalat District and is known locally as Kalat-e Baluch.
Although not a big town now but Kalat has a rich history and is in a scenic terrain of Balouchistan.
Kalat, was once known as Kilat, was the capital of the Kalat Khanate. The population is mostly Muslim but there are also few tribes of Hindus living in Kalat.
The rulers of Kalat held the title of Vali originally
Kalat state was founded in 1638, then acceded to Pakistan on 31st March 1948 and ceased to exist on 14th October 1955 as it became part of West Pakistan province. It had an area of 141,673 km2 with capital: Kalat City. The khanate of Kalat had originally been a feudatory of Kabul.
Its rulers, the Wali, later became a trusted leader in the army of Ahmad Shah Durrani, who in 1761 invaded India and crushed both Mughal and Maratha forces at the battle of Panipat. The territories controlled by the state fluctuated over the centuries but eventually were established by treaties with the British Agent Robert Sandeman in the late 19th century.
In 1839 Kalat was taken by the British, and the Wali, Mehrab Khan, was killed. The victors then installed his son, Nasir Khan, as ruler and in 1854 a formal treaty was executed. From that time Kalat came under British control, with the Government of India frequently acting as referees in disputes between the Wali and his chiefs. Parts of the state to the north and northeast were leased or ceded to form the province of British Baluchistan which later gained the status of a Chief Commissioners province.
Languages spoken are Persian and Baluchi.